Cough and cold – the uninvited irritating guests. All of us suffer from cold and cough, but have you ever realized the reason behind it. It is a viral infectious disease caused by the Coronaviruses and Rhinoviruses. Read down to know complete details like – how long does it last, home remedies, what age group of people are more prone to it etc.
Why do we get a cough and cold?
A common cold is a communicable disease that is getting transferred from one person to another very easily. It may last for a week or more also depending upon how well you are treating it. People of any age group can suffer from cold and cough but most children are more prone to it. Due to the coronaviruses and Rhinoviruses, people get cold. But those who are having allergies from things like dust can also get the cold and sneeze a lot. Another thing is that everyone should prefer organic body care products rather than those chemical based body care products. Because these organic products have natural ingredients along with pure essential oils which help the individual to protect from all these viruses. You can get natural body care products from our Owlpure website.
You must be very well aware of the symptoms of cold and cough. But let us get to know about it in deep. So, below we have mentioned the symptoms of cold and cough that may result due to viral infection, allergies etc.
The most common symptoms of a cold are:
- dry throat
- a sore throat
- a cough
- mild fever
- hoarse voice
- blocked nose
- a mild headache
Rarer symptoms of a cold include:
- muscle aches
- pink eye
- reduction in appetite
- extreme exhaustion
Histamine and its role in Human Body
The human body is allergic to various things like some insect, dust, grass, some kind of food items etc. And in the response of that allergy, the immune system releases a chemical called Histamines. Frequently when some foreign object enters inside our body, our immune system gets activated. Most of the times, those intruders are either bacteria or virus. Since our body is designed to battle disease and to keep a healthy environment inside, it must act instantly when there it finds any foreign object. For this situation, our body releases a chemical called histamine.
Histamine acts as a messenger, going to the site of disturbance to activate a specific reaction around there. Histamine works in the body by binding with extraordinary receptors on protein atoms in different parts of the body.
Home Remedies for Cough and Cold
A cough and cold can be treated by homemade methods very effectively. Even we should prefer home remedies over commercial medicines to treat cold and cough. Pregnant women and children should avoid using medicines for cold and cough. When the situation is serious and critical, then use the medicine after consulting the doctors. Generally, most of the people get infected with cold and cough in winter season. You can get the entire information regarding the winter willness from our blog “Best essential oils for winter wellness”. Also below we are providing many effective and easy to do methods to cure this infectious disease. They are as follows-
Ginger has many health benefits and treating the common cold is one of them. Drinking Ginger tea helps in fast recovery of a cough and cold. The gingerols and shaogals present in ginger root cure a sore throat rapidly, and they additionally kill rhinoviruses, which cause colds in any case. Drink ginger tea at least twice a day until the point that you are well. Even kids can also be given, but reduce the concentration of tea a bit so that kids do not find it sour.
- 1-inch fresh ginger root
- 1 cup water
- 1 tablespoon lemon juice
- 1 tablespoon honey
How to Prepare?
1.Pour 1 cup of water in a pan
2.Add I teaspoon of grated ginger in it and let it steep for 3 minutes.
3.Now, strain the ginger tea into the mug
4.After that, put a few drops of lemon juice and honey in it.
5.Stir to dissolve the components and sip it.
Lemon, Cinnamon and Honey Syrup
The mixture of lemon, cinnamon, and honey also heals the throat itchiness due to cold and cough. When the medicinal properties of these three are mixed, they turn out to be a magical syrup for cold and cough. The anti-viral properties of Cinnamon and acidic properties of lemon help to cure the congestion and cough caused due to cold.
- Cinnamon powder
How to prepare?
1.Take about a half tablespoon of honey.
2.Add a few drops of honey in it.
3.Also, add a pinch of cinnamon powder in it.
4.Consume this mixture twice a day to get faster relief from cold congestion.
Milk and Turmeric
Turmeric - the yellow spice loaded with numerous health benefits can also cure the problem of cold and cough due to its antibacterial and antiviral properties. Drinking milk daily strengthens our immune system but if turmeric is added to it then the effect gets double. So, if you are suffering from severe cold and cough, drink turmeric milk to minimize the symptoms of a cold.
How to Prepare?
1.Take one glass of boiled milk
2.Add 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder in it
3.Stir the mixture well and drink it
4.For better effects, drink it before going to bed.
Gargle with Salt Water
The antiseptic properties of salt helps in clearing up the mucus and congestion caused due to cold. Gargling a few times each day with warm salt water can lessen swelling in the throat and extricate bodily fluid, flushing out aggravations or microorganisms. This method has been used from so many times due to its instant effects.
Flaxseed can also be used to solve the problem caused by cold and cough. It is very easily available at any of the grocery store. So, follow the procedure that how to prepare syrup for cold and cough using flax seeds.
- Lime Juice
How to prepare?
1.Take a glass of water and pour it into the pan.
2.Boil it for some time till it gets thicker
3.Strain it out in a glass and add a few drops of lime juice and honey to it
4.Consume the solution to get rid of cold.
Jaggery is great at relieving pain and irritation caused by a sore throat. Prepare the solution using jaggery, cumin seeds, black pepper, and honey. Consume the solution when it is hot to get the better and quick result.
- Black pepper
- Cumin seeds
How to prepare Jaggery solution?
1.Boil water and dark pepper together.
2.At that point include some cumin.
3.Add a couple of bits of jaggery once the smell starts coming.
4.Stir the solution till the jaggery dissolves totally.
5.This helps with a sore throat and clears up chest diseases.
Preventive Measures for Cold & Cough
Using remedies is the best way to get rid of the diseases but along with those taking preventive measures is also required. As the common cold is a contagious disease so there are many do’s and don’ts that you should seriously consider in order to get better earlier.
Wash your Hands - To stay away from this infectious illness, people should keep themselves neat and clean. Therefore, wash your hands using alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Disinfect the Stuff – Clean all kitchen and bathroom stuff with disinfectants especially when someone in your family is suffering from common cold. Also, wash children’s toys at regular intervals.
Use of Tissues – During a common cold, we sneeze a lot. Therefore, to maintain proper hygiene cough or sneeze in the tissues. This will not allow spreading of cold from you to someone sitting beside.
Do not Share – Stop sharing your handkerchief with others and also avoid close contact with anyone who is having a cold.
Respiratory Disorders and Natural Remedies
Respiratory System includes airways, lungs, and respiratory muscles. The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place in the alveolar region of the lungs. Respiratory problems arise mainly due to smoking and air pollution. Respiratory diseases range from bearable and self-limiting like common cold to life-threatening entities lung cancer. Below we will be discussing various respiratory disease like asthma, whooping cough, bronchitis, laryngitis etc.
Asthma, a respiratory disease that makes breathing difficult. Asthma is caused by both genetic as well as environmental factors. Environmental factors like air pollution and allergens are responsible for causing Asthma.
- Chest Tightness
- Shortness of Breath
Easy home remedies for Asthma
Caffeinated Tea or Coffee – The black or green tea helps in the treatment of Asthma by opening the airways. Caffeine can improve the breathing function in Asthma patients for up to four hours. Therefore, if you are not having your inhaler, coffee and tea can be used as an emergency treatment. Keep in mind that consumption of tea or coffee when it is hot will be more effective.
Eucalyptus Essential oil – Inhaling Eucalyptus Essential oil helps in treating Asthma. This essential oil helps in breaking up phlegm and mucus that clogs the airways, helps to improve the breathing process.
- ¼ teaspoon of eucalyptus oil
- 3 cups of water
How to make Essential oil Steam?
- Bring water to a simmer in a pan
- Turn off the heat and add Eucalyptus Essential oil
- Place your face just above the steam
- Cover with a towel in such a way that n steam should come out
- Inhale the steam till the water evaporates
- You can repeat this procedure thrice a day.
- 6 drops of Lavender essential oil
- 4 drops of geranium oil
- 1 drop of marjoram oil
- 1 drop of peppermint essential oil
- 1 ounce of vegetable oil
How to prepare Inhalation Rub?
1.Combine the above-given ingredients
2.Then, rub it on the chest when needed, especially while going to bed
3.Because asthmatics are extremely sensitive to scent, do a sniff test
For instant asthma help, mustard oil is a standout amongst all home cures. The mustard oil we're discussing here is the greasy oil containing isothiocyanates produced using squeezing the mustard seeds. This is not quite the same as mustard Essential oil, which is medicinal oil sold in little amounts that you ought to abstain from applying directly to your skin. Mustard seed oil can give alleviation from an asthma attack by opening the air paths, enhancing lung function.
How to use?
Massage the mixture of warm mustard oil and salt on your chest several times till you get relief.
A whooping Cough
Whooping cough is also known as pertussis which is a bacterial infection that causes a cough followed by difficulty in breathing. It can affect both the children as well as adults, but it can be more dangerous to children due to their inability to manage the symptoms.
How to Treat Whooping Cough Naturally?
- Organic essential oils
- Vitamin C
- Onion Juice
- Elderberry Syrup
- Green Tea
- Salt Water
Peppermint essential oil has decongesting and antibacterial properties which are beneficial in the treatment of whooping cough. You can use the owlpure peppermint essential oil for this purpose to get the better results.
- 1 – 2 drops of peppermint essential oil
- 1 tablespoon of organic carrier oils like coconut or olive oil’
How to Use?
- Mix peppermint essential oil with a carrier oil like olive oil or coconut oil
2.Apply the oil mixture on chest and neck
- Also, you can add 1 drop of peppermint essential oil into the hot water and inhale the steam
Eucalyptus Essential oil:
Eucalyptus Essential oil is isolated from the leaves of a eucalyptus tree. Due to its antibacterial and decongesting properties, we can use it to get relieved from whooping cough. Also, you can use the owlpure Eucalyptus Essential oil for this purpose.
- 1-2 drops of eucalyptus oil
- 1 tablespoon of any carrier oil
How to use?
- Take anyone of the organic carrier oils like olive oil or coconut oil.
- Add few drops of Eucalyptus Essential oil into it
- Then rub the mixture on chest, neck, and back
- Also, add few drops of eucalyptus oil in hot water and inhale the steam coming out from it
Onions are rich in phytochemicals and vitamin C. These constituents of onions have antibacterial actions that help to deal with a whooping cough effectively.
- 1 medium-sized onion
- ¼ cup of honey
How to Use
1.Peel the onion and cut it into smaller pieces
2.After mashing these pieces, add honey in it
3.Keep the mixture for one night
4.Eat 1 teaspoon of this mixture thrice a day
5.In the case of severing coughing, you can eat it five times a day at regular intervals
Garlic is a decongestant root that has antibacterial properties that can be used to combat the problem of whooping cough. This has been used by people for many years due to its effectiveness.
- 3-4 cloves of garlic
How to use?
- Peel and smash the garlic cloves.
- Extract the juice from it and consume this daily.
- You can add honey for better taste
- You can consume this mixture twice a day or even more depending upon the severity of the problem
Turmeric contains a compound called curcumin that is known for its antibacterial properties. Due to the presence of curcumin, turmeric can be used for many purposes like treating whooping cough.
- 1 teaspoon of turmeric
- 1 glass of hot milk
How to use
- Add a teaspoon of turmeric powder to a glass of hot milk.
- Mix it well.
- Consume this milk twice a day to get better and quick result
Ginger, an expectorant that contains a compound called gingerol. The antibacterial properties and expectorant properties of ginger are utilized by people to fight the symptoms of whooping cough.
- 1 to 2 inches of ginger
How to use
1.Mince the ginger and make a paste out of it.
2.Extract the juice from minced ginger and consume it daily.
3.Add honey to make the taste better.
4.Consume it twice a day.
Salt added in hot water helps in relieving the cough by clearing the phlegm. Common salt (Sodium Chloride) is antibacterial and promotes faster recovery.
- 1-2 teaspoons of salt
- 1 cup of hot water
How to Use?
1.Mix one teaspoon of common salt in a cup of hot water.
2.Use this salty water to gargle.
3.Repeat at least thrice a day.
Bacteria, as well as virus, can cause a throat infection. It is an infectious disease that you can catch from a person already suffering from it. These bacteria and virus can spread through a sneeze, coughs etc. So, be careful and maintain a distance with people suffering from it.
Symptoms of Throat Infection
- Swelling of the tonsils
- Pain in your ears
- Swollen lymph nodes in your neck
- Throat pain and inflammation
Home Remedies for Throat Infection
There are numerous remedies that we can prepare at home itself. They are cheap as well as very effective. Some of those remedies are – ACV, marshmallow root, peppermint tea, use of cinnamon, coconut oil, liquorice root etc. Few of the methods we have explained briefly below. Use them to get the maximum benefits.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple Cider Vinegar is acidic in nature that kills the bacteria present in the throat. It also minimizes the cold symptoms if the throat infection is due to mucus build up. Use the ACV to your herbal tea or also you can add it in water to gargle with it.
Marshmallow plant is very useful when it comes to treating a sore throat/throat infection. Its root contains a substance called mucilage which lubricates the throat when we intake it.
- Cold Water
- 1 ounce of dried marshmallow roots
Direction to Use
1.Take 1-liter jar and fill it with cold water
2.Tie the marshmallow roots in a cheesecloth
3.Lower the bundle into the water till it totally gets submerged
4.Place the lid on the jar and keep it an overnight
5.Next day you can drink this water as you want
6.Drinking this water will soothe your throat.
You can also use lavender essential oil, tea tree essential oil, eucalyptus essential oil and peppermint essential oil by steam inhalation, direct inhalation or topical application.
Peppermint tea has anti-inflammatory contents that help in extremely soothing the throat. The mint also numbs the throat that relieves people from throat pain due to infection. It is very easy to prepare peppermint herbal tea.
- Peppermint Leaves
How to Prepare?
1.Boil a cup of water and ass peppermint leaves in it
2.Let it steep for 2-3 minutes and then transfer it to a cup
3.You can add honey to enhance the taste
4.Or, there are peppermint herbal tea bags available in the market, you can use them also.
Sinus problems can be caused by a bacteria, virus, fungi, and allergies or due to autoimmune reactions. The problem of sinus congestion can be cured by medication but there are several easy DIY home remedies that can provide relief from it. So, it’s much better to opt for home remedies rather than going for medication because it may have some side effects also.
If the person is having thick, green or yellow nasal discharge, he/she may be diagnosed with acute sinusitis. Below some of sinus symptoms are given
- facial pain and pressure
- blocked nose
- nasal discharge
- reduced sense of smell
- a cough
In more advanced and severe cases, the following symptoms can also be seen:
- halitosis, or foul-smelling breath
- a toothache
- a headache
The antiseptic, antibacterial, expectorant and analgesic properties can be utilized to get rid of the sinus problem. Being antibacterial in nature, this lavender essential oil helps fighting germs responsible for the infection. Lavender essential oil reduces the inflammation caused due to sinus and its analgesic properties help with issues related to a headache due to sinus.
- Lavender essential oil
How to Use?
- Boil about two cups of water and transfer it to in a deep bowl
- Add a few drops of Lavender essential oil
- Keep your face just above the bowl.
- Surround your face and bowl with a towel
5.Inhale the steam till water evaporates
Saline Nasal Spray
Inhaling saline spray can help to clear the phlegm or mucus that blocks the nasal passage. Let us find out how we can prepare it at home.
- ¼ pint of clean water
- ¼ teaspoon of salt
- ¼ teaspoon of baking soda
How to Use
1.The patient should sniff it into the nose from the cupped palms
2.Sniff into one nose at a time
3.Alternatively, make this solution and keep it in the spray bottle.
4.Spray gently in the nose.
5.Repeat the process at least twice a day.
Some people use Neti pot to clear the mucus or phlegm present in the nasal passage. Due to a stuffy nose, a pressure is applied on the sinuses that result in a headache. Neti pot looks like a small pot having a long spout. Those who want to purchase it can shop it online also to save their time.
How to Use-
1.Wash your hands and fill the pot with sterile water
2.Lean directly over a sink and tilt the head sideways
3.Slowly insert the spout into the highest nostril
4.Start breathing through the mouth
5.Pour water into the nostril
After performing the given steps, the water from your one nostril will flow to another and will flush out bacteria and other debris that blocked the nose. Remember to repeat this process through both the nostrils.
By applying pressure at specific points in the body, people are relieved from many types of pain. Even acupressure is used to treat colds, flu, and sinus problem. This can be performed by you at home or by any professional.
How to use acupressure for Sinus Problem?
1.Link the fingers of the two hands together, framing the state of a container
2.Use the connected hands to support the back of the head, where the neck and skull join
3.Broaden the thumbs and discover the plunges on either side of the spine
4.Utilize the thumbs to rub the territory in little circles
5.Unwind, breathing gradually and profoundly
6.Do this for 4-5 seconds on end
When the bronchial tubes become inflamed and full of mucus, people start facing the problem of bronchitis. If you start noticing the symptoms of bronchitis, that moment starts taking the preventive measures. If carelessness is shown then it can be turned out to be a dangerous disease.
Symptoms of Bronchitis
- A persistent cough
- Low fever and chills
- Chest tightening
- A sore throat
- Body aches
- Blocked nose and sinuses
Home Remedies for Bronchitis
Acute Bronchitis can be easily cured by the homemade methods effectively. So, if you or anyone in your family is having these problems, try out the home remedies for Bronchitis given below.
Dry Ginger, Black Pepper, Long Pepper
The anti-inflammatory nature of dry ginger and long pepper provides relief from swollen bronchial tubes. Black pepper helps to get rid of nasal and chest congestion.
- Dry ginger (saunth)
- Black Pepper (Kali Mirchi)
- Long Pepper (Pipli)
How to Use
1.Take the powder of each spice in an equal amount
2.Mix them using honey
3.Addition of honey will balance the taste
4.Drinking this mixture thrice a day will do wonder for you
Eucalyptus essential oil, peppermint essential oil and tea tree essential oil are very much effective for treating bronchitis.
Giloy is an Ayurvedic herb that has been utilized and upheld in Indian drug for a very long time. Giloy soothingly affects the covering of the throat and accordingly encourages in giving alleviation to the aggravated bronchial coating. Drink the juice once in the morning and once at night regularly to get the effective result.
Hot Water or Tomato Soup
Restrict yourself to drink hot water while you are suffering from bronchitis. Because it reduces the swelling in the lungs and soothes the respiratory tract. You can drink tomato or any other healthy soup to decongestant the air passage.
Mustard oil (Sarson ka tel) is isolated from mustard seeds (dark, brown and white), and is ruddy darker or golden in shading. It has been normally utilized in North and East India since old occasions and accompanies a flock of medical advantages. A delicate back rub with mustard oil gives help against a firm chest. Massaging with mustard oil facilitates the clog in the lungs.
Laryngitis is swelling and aggravation of the larynx. It may be acute or intense, despite the fact that much of the time the condition is temporary and has no genuine results.
The larynx, additionally called the voice box, is home to the vocal cords. These affect the procedures of breathing, gulping, and talking. The vocal strings are two little creases of mucous film covering ligament and muscle that vibrate to deliver sound.
The reason behind it can be – smoking, prolonged alcohol use constant exposure to secondhand smoke, excess coughing, repetitive use of inhalers etc. Laryngitis lasts only for a few days and is easily curable at home itself. But if it persists for more than two weeks then chances are there that you have been attacked by some viral infections. That time you should definitely visit the doctor to inhibit the infection.
Symptoms of Laryngitis
- Loss of Voice
- Throat pain
- Swollen Lymph Node
Home Remedies for Laryngitis
Read the symptoms carefully and if you are facing the same problems, without any delay using the home made methods mentioned below. These are highly effective and cheap.
Eucalyptus Essential oil
That natural chemical content in the pure essential oils help to loosen mucus and soothe irritation. We can use the organic essential oils in two ways either by inhaling or adding it in the diffuser.
How to Use
1.Add approx. 4-5 drops of Eucalyptus Essential oil in the diffuser
2.Or, dab it on your pillow at night
3.The aroma of eucalyptus essential oil will help in soothing inflammation and irritation in the lymph.
Gargle Dilute Vinegar
Vinegar helps in fighting infections. So, we can utilize its antimicrobial properties to cure the problem of laryngitis. It is very easy to use vinegar to heal the swollen lymph. You have to just gargle with the diluted vinegar. For that, take two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar or white vinegar in a glass of water and simply gargle with it. Repeat the process at least twice a day. Also, ginger and garlic can help in the treatment of laryngitis.
The organic essential oils play a very important role in the treatment of respiratory disorders. They can be applied topically on the chest and neck as well as inhaled also. If you are looking for pure and good quality of pure essential oils, buy Owlpure Organic essential oils.